Primary Source: First Hand, from the time the event took place
Eg. Notes, Letters, Photos, Interviews, Newspapers, Art, Film
Secondary Source: Second Hand, an analysis of events
Eg. Books, Editorials or Analysis in Newspapers, Web pages, Biographies, Dissertations, Documentary Films.
Please note, newspapers can contain both primary and secondary sources.
A newspaper article that documents events at the time they happened would be a primary source.
A newspaper article may be research-based, which makes it a secondary source, eg. an editorial or opinion piece.
Using newspapers alone can lead one to be misinformed about the time period being researched. Newspaper articles may include errors and discrepancies due to misreported events, unreliable sources, or political slants and biases.
Always check multiple source to get the full picture.
Image from of page six and seven of Diary of Joseph Cecil Thompson in April 1915, taken by Ellen Thompson.