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Link to Washington and Jefferson College

Environmental Studies & Sustainability

This guide will introduce you to resources you can use when researching EVS topics.

Why Cite?

Citing your sources is an important and required part of any academic research and writing.  But why?

To Give Credit  Standard practice requires giving credit to the author of the original words, ideas, or research to show honor and respect for their work and legal rights.

To Avoid Plagiarism  Citing your sources ensures that you are not taking credit for the work of another.

To Maintain the Accuracy and Credibility of Your Work  Citations establish that your data and facts are correct and allows the reader to check the source for themselves.

CSE Style Citation

EVS classes at W&J often require the use of CSE citation style. This style was created by the Council of Science Educators and the most current edition of this style manual is the 8th edition. You can find this book in the library at the Reference Desk.

CSE style includes three major systems for organizing your references: citation-sequence, citation-name, and name-year. These systems indicate how your in-text citations look and how your reference list is organized. The system most commonly used in EVS classes at W&J is name-year.

This citation style can be overwhelming to first-time users, so we encourage you to visit the User Services Desk and ask a librarian for help. You can also consult these online resources: 

Citation Resources

All citations are made from the same building blocks but are configured differently for each style, for example: MLA, or APA. 


    Use the Purdue Owl website for online citation help for

     MLA,   APAChicago/Turabian‚Äč and other styles
     and for in-text citations, annotated bibliographies,
     as well as conducting primary research.

     Save and use this website for writing and citing help.