This LibGuide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.
A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publishing company, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifier).
Citing your sources is an important and required part of any academic research project. But, why?
We cite in order to:
There are different citation styles which format information differently. In each tab, you will find descriptions of each citation style featured in this guide along with links to online resources for citing and a few examples.
What is a citation style?
A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.
How to do I choose a citation style?
There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. The three most commonly used citation styles at W&J are:
*Sometimes citation styles are indicated in the syllabus or assignment guidelines. When in doubt, you will need to consult with your professor to determine what is required.
Click the links below to find descriptions of each style along with a sample of major in-text and bibliographic citations, links to books, online citation manuals, and other free online resources.
Librarians can help you create and format your citations. If you're looking for additional assistance with your paper consider meeting with a Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) Tutor. Writing tutors are available several days a week, you can find the most up-to-date schedule for tutor availability here.
This research guide was is based on one created by LaMonica Wiggins, MLIS Graduate Student, Hillman Library, University of Pittsburgh 2010-11, Katherine DeRusso, MLIS Graduate Student, Hillman Library, University of Pittsburgh 2010-11, and Marissa Clardy, Intern, Clarion University of Pennsylvania, 2015.